Working from a Color Palette
In illustration, the simplest way to approach color is to draw what you see in real life. But what if you want to take your artwork beyond the conventional when it comes to color? Where do you begin?
Scenario: You found a color palette that has you inspired to sit down and make some art. You sketch out your illustration and then…what do you do next? How do you know what colors to put where? How do you know what colors will actually look good next to each other? A beautiful color palette can still look awkward if the colors aren’t used effectively.
Color beyond the Obvious
Many unique and striking images push the envelope when it comes to color. In this tutorial, I’ll show you how to use a color palette and apply it to an illustration. You learn what qualities to look for in a color palette. I’ll show you a quick exercise to help you plan your coloring and how to choose where to use the different colors in your artwork. At the end of this article, you’ll find a Pinterest board I made for you that is filled with a ton of inspirational out-of-the-ordinary colors, like the ones below. Let’s go!
1. Start with a Sketch
Sketch out your composition. Refine the sketch so that you have clearly defined areas you’ll use to help plan out your colors.
2. Choose a Palette
I’d recommend a palette with a limited number of HUES (no more than 3) and that includes some lighter and darker VALUES.
Unique positions on the color spectrum. Hue is what comes to mind when you traditionally think of different “colors.” Think blue, green, yellow, orange, red etc.
The lightness or darkness of a color or hue. Think maroon vs. pink, each is a value of red.
I decided to choose a Procreate color palette I made called “Soothing Seconds.” It’s limited in hues, mostly blues and magentas, and includes a few different color values — LIGHT: aqua, peach, etc. MEDIUM: blue, magenta, etc. and DARK: navy, dark purple, etc.
Choose one swatch to be your dominant color. This is the color you’ll use more than any other color in your drawing. Most of the time, it’s a good idea to choose a medium value, as you’ll need to be able to include highlights and shadows. For my alligator, I decided to use the medium blue as my dominant color.
3. Make a Color Plan
In this step, you’ll see the way your different colors will interact with each other in a scale similar to your final artwork. It’s a quick way to make sure everything will look good together.
In the corner of your canvas, draw a big swatch of your dominant color. Now start to think about how you can incorporate other colors. I knew I’d need a lighter color for lighter details, so I chose the aqua blue. I drew a small swatch of the aqua overlapping the blue to see how it would look next to the medium blue. Then I figured I’d use the navy for the linework details (since its a darker value), so I drew a couple of lines over the blue swatch. I wondered if the pink could be used for the scales along the back, so I drew some little nubs on the top. Finally, I wanted to work in the magenta somehow. It’s a very intense color, and intense colors call a lot of attention. With that in mind, I decided to use it very sparingly, perhaps on the toenails.
Now I’ve got a good plan for my colors!
4. Get Coloring!
If you are happy with your color plan, it’s time to get to work coloring your sketch. I started by coloring in the body of my alligator with the medium blue.
On a new layer, I drew the back scales in pink. Because the pink is a lighter value than the blue, it pops perfectly.
I hadn’t planned a color for the teeth, but I saw the light peachy-yellow in the palette and thought that would look great for teeth. That color is lighter in value than both the aqua and medium blue so that it would be visible against both colors.
I needed to add some detail lines to the alligator’s back, but didn’t want to use navy again because it was so dark. I saw the medium purple in the palette, so I gave that a try. I was happy with how that looked, but if I disliked it, I could have adjusted the color using the HSB adjustment in the Adjustments menu. I often play around with the HSB sliders when my colors aren’t looking right! For this reason I tend to put different elements (linework, body, legs, details) on separate layers, so they are easier to adjust.
Finally, I decided I wanted to add some highlights to make the legs and other parts stand out more, but my palette didn’t have an appropriate color. So I took the medium blue and, using the color wheel, I chose a color that was just a bit lighter. I decided to also do the same for a couple of shadows on the underbelly by selecting a darker version of the aqua.
Here is my finished artwork! To be honest, I’m surprised at how well this turned out. As an artist, I struggle with doing work in “not real” colors. Having a harmonious color palette to start with, and making a color plan before getting to work was incredibly helpful. I hope you have fun playing with color and doing something unexpected!
Choose from dozens of color palettes created by me. I made these palettes from various images that I found inspirational, so you’ll find lots of fun, bright colors. If you choose one of these palettes for your art, remember you don’t have to use EVERY color in the palette. Choose the ones that work best for your artwork.